Biomimetic monolayer films of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol incorporating ubiquinone
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Ubiquinone and plastoquinone are two of the main electron and proton shuttle molecules in biological systems, and monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) is the most abundant lipid in the thylakoid membrane of chloroplasts. Saturated MGDG, ubiquinone-10 (UQ) and MGDG:UQ mixed monolayers at the air/water interface have been studied using surface pressure–area isotherms and Brewster Angle Microscopy. Moreover, the transferred Langmuir–Blodgett films have been observed by Atomic Force Microscopy. The results show that MGDG:UQ mixtures present more fluid phase than pure MGDG, indicating a higher order degree for the later. It is also observed an important influence of UQ on the MGDG matrix before UQ collapse pressure and a low influence after this event, due to UQ expulsion from the MGDG matrix. This expulsion leads to a similar remaining UQ content for all the tested mixtures, indicating a limiting content of this molecule in the MGDG matrix at high surface pressures. The thermodynamic studies confirm the stability of the MGDG:UQ mixtures at low surface pressures, although presenting a non-ideal behaviour. Results point to consider UQ as a good candidate for studies of artificial photosynthesis.
CitationHoyo, J.; Torrent, J.; Guaus, E. Biomimetic monolayer films of monogalactosyldiacylglycerol incorporating ubiquinone. "Journal of colloid and interface science", 01 Setembre 2012, vol. 384, núm. 1, p. 189-197.