Superfluidity of metastable glassy bulk para-hydrogen at low temperature
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Molecular para-hydrogen has been proposed theoretically as a possible candidate for superfluidity, but the eventual superfluid transition is hindered by its crystallization. In this work, we study a metastable non crystalline phase of bulk p-H2 by means of the Path Integral Monte Carlo method in order to investigate at which temperature this system can support superfluidity. By choosing accurately the initial configuration and using a non commensurate simulation box, we have been able to frustrate the formation of the crystal in the simulated system and to calculate the temperature dependence of the one-body density matrix and of the superfluid fraction. We observe a transition to a superfluid phase at temperatures around 1 K. The limit of zero temperature is also studied using the diffusion Monte Carlo method. Results for the energy, condensate fraction, and structure of the metastable liquid phase at T=0 are reported and compared with the ones obtained for the stable solid phase.
CitationOsychenko, O.; Rota, R.; Boronat, J. Superfluidity of metastable glassy bulk para-hydrogen at low temperature. "Physical review B: condensed matter and materials physics", 13 Juny 2012, vol. 85, núm. 22, p. 1-10.