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We reveal that the competition among diffraction, cubic nonlinearity, two-photon absorption, and gain localized in both space and time results in arrest of collapse, suppression of azimuthal modulation instabilities for spatiotemporal wave packets, and formation of stable three-dimensional light bullets. We show that Gaussian spatiotemporal gain landscapes support bright, fundamental light bullets, while gain landscapes featuring a ringlike spatial and a Gaussian temporal shapes may support stable vortex bullets carrying topological phase dislocations.
CitationLobanov, V. [et al.]. Topological light bullets supported by spatiotemporal gain. "Physical review A", 02 Febrer 2012, vol. 85, núm. 2, p. 1-5.
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