Comparison of crowd simulation for building evacuation and an alternative approach
Document typeConference lecture
Rights accessOpen Access
This paper presents an overview of crowd simulation models, their limitations, and an alternative agent-based approch. First we introduce several methods and then we focus on two widely used and validated simulation tools that use grid-based models. We discus the artifacts that these models introduce regarding the way they treat the space and the implication that this has in the movement of the agents during the simulation. We also describe the limitations that current commercial software tools have in terms of simulating human psychology and physiology. The paper discusses an agent-based alternative approach developed to overcome these limitations. The model allows for the simulation of human movement that can provide results more closely describing behavior of real people during an emergency situation. Flow rates, densities and speeds emerge in our model from the physical interactions between people instead of being predefined.
CitationPelechano, N.; Malkawi, A. Comparison of crowd simulation for building evacuation and an alternative approach. A: International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference and Exhibition. "Proceedings of the 10th International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference and Exhibition". Beijing: 2007, p. 1514-1521.
Aquest ítem (excepte textos i imatges no creats per l'autor) està subjecte a una llicència de Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Numerical simulation of fluid flow through valves reeds based on Large Eddy Simulation Models (LES) Rigola Serrano, Joaquim; Lehmkuhl Barba, Oriol; Pérez Segarra, Carlos David; Oliva Llena, Asensio (Douglas E. Adams, 2008)
Restricted access - publisher's policy
Arreola Risa, Antonio; Fortuny Santos, Jordi; Vintró Sánchez, Carla (2013)
Open AccessThe most common solution strategy for stochastic supply-chain man-agement problems that are analytically intractable is simulation. But, how can we be sure that the optimal solution obtained by simulation is in fact the ...
Rigola Serrano, Joaquim; Lehmkuhl Barba, Oriol; Oliva Llena, Asensio; Pérez Segarra, Carlos David (2009-09-07)
Open AccessThe aim of this paper is to carry out a group of numerical experiments over the fluid flow through the valve reed, using the CFD&HT code TermoFluids, a new unstructured and parallel object-oriented CFD code for accurate ...