This paper analyzes the asymptotic performance of maximum likelihood (ML) channel estimation algorithms in wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA) scenarios. We concentrate on systems with periodic spreading sequences (period larger than or equal to the symbol span) where the transmitted signal contains a code division multiplexed pilot for channel estimation purposes. First, the asymptotic covariances of the training-only, semi-blind conditional maximum likelihood (CML) and semi-blind Gaussian maximum likelihood (GML) channel
estimators are derived. Then, these formulas are further simplified assuming randomized spreading and training sequences under the approximation of high spreading factors and high number of codes. The results provide a useful tool to describe the performance of the channel estimators as a function of basic
system parameters such as number of codes, spreading factors, or traffic to training power ratio.
CitationMestre Pons, X.; Rodríguez Fonollosa, J. ML approaches to channel estimation for pilot-aided multi-rate DS/CDMA systems. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 2002, vol. 50, núm. 3, pàg. 696-709.
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