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Wereport a combined photoemission spectroscopy (PES) and inverse photoemission spectroscopy (IPES)
study of distilled, phase pure films of C60 and the monomeric fullerides Cs6C60, Cs4C60 and fcc RbC60. The
separation between the highest energy PES and lowest energy IPES features, which is a measure of the
barrier to hopping, is 1.45 eV in Cs4C60 and 0.7 eV in RbC60. This difference is large enough to explain,
in a correlated electron picture, the reported differences in electronic mobility between the two stoichoimetries.
From the PES-IPES energy separation, the value of the Hubbard U is estimated to be 1.5 eV in
closed-shell C60 and Cs6C60, while in Cs4C60 and RbC60 such value is reduced to∼1 and 0.7 eV, respectively.
This trend can be only partially understood taking into account the different molecular polarizability and
crystal structure of the various stoichiometries. The relatively low values found for open-shell compounds
indicate that the bulk Hubbard U is smaller in open-shell fullerides than usually believed, which might
help explain superconductivity and the observation of spin-singlets in odd-stoichiometry fullerides.
CitacióMacovez, R. Surface hubbard U of alkali fullerides. "Journal of electron spectroscopy and related phenomena", 2011, vol. 183, núm. 1-2, p. 94-100.