Fibre-reinforced calcium phosphate cements: a review
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Calcium phosphate cements (CPC) consist of one or more calcium orthophosphate powders, which upon mixing with water or an aqueous solution, form a paste that is able to set and harden after being implanted within the body. Different issues remain still to be improved in CPC, such as their mechanical properties to more closely mimic those of natural bone, or their macroporosity to favour osteointegration of the artificial grafts. To this end, blends of CPC with polymer and ceramic fibres in different forms have been investigated. The present work aims at providing an overview of the different approaches taken and identifying the most significant achievements in the field of fibre-reinforced calcium phosphate cements for clinical applications, with special focus on their mechanical properties.
CitationCanal, C.; Ginebra, M. Fibre-reinforced calcium phosphate cements: a review. "Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials", 2011, vol. 4, núm. 8, p. 1658-1671.