This paper presents a novel method for vessel classification based on single-pass polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry. It has been developed according to recent ship scattering studies that show that the polarimetric response of many types of vessels can be described by trihedral- and dihedral-like mechanisms. The adopted methodology is quite simple. The input interferometric data are decomposed in terms of the Pauli basis, and hence, one height image is derived for each simple mechanism. Then, the local maxima of these images are isolated, and a 3-D map of scatters is generated. The correlation of this map with the scattering distribution expected for a set of reference ships provides the final classification decision. The performance of the proposed method has been tested with the orbital SAR simulator developed at Universitat PolitÈcnica de Catalunya. Different vessel models have been processed with a sensor configuration similar to the incoming TanDEM-X system. The analysis of diverse vessel bearings, vessel speeds, and sea states shows that the map of scatters matches reasonably the geometry of ships allowing a correct identification even for adverse environmental conditions.
CitationMargarit, G.; Mallorqui, J. J.; Fabregas, X. Single-pass polarimetric SAR interferometry for vessel classification. IEEE Transactions on geoscience and remote sensing, 2007, núm. 45, vol. 11, p. 3494-3502.
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