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This paper analyzes fixed-speed induction generator modeling oriented to rotor speed stability studies. The single- and double-cage models are compared. The effects of symmetrical voltage sags on generator behavior are studied in detail. The rotor speed stability of the turbine is also examined and rotor speed recovery time is proposed as an indicator of system stability. Significant differences in the results obtained for both models were found, e.g., the double-cage model shows better speed and voltage stability. For some generator designs, the single-cage model can lead to erroneous stability predictions because manufacturer data of such designs can only be fulfilled with a double-cage model. The use of the latter to simulate fixed-speed wind turbines with this type of designs is therefore strongly recommended. The simulations were carried out using PSpice and PSCAD/EMTDC.
CitacióPedra, J. [et al.]. On fixed-speed WT generator modeling for rotor speed stability studies. "IEEE transactions on power systems", 20 Gener 2012, vol. 27, núm. 1, p. 397-406.