Taylor-orthogonal basis functions for the discretization in method of moments of second kind integral equations in the scattering analysis of perfectly conducting or dielectric objects
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We present new implementations in Method of Moments of two types of second kind integral equations: (i) the recently proposed Electric-Magnetic Field Integral Equation (EMFIE), for perfectly conducting objects, and (ii) the Müller formulation, for homogeneous or piecewise homogeneous dielectric objects. We adopt the Taylor-orthogonal basis functions, a recently presented set of facet-oriented basis functions, which, as we show in this paper, arise from the Taylor's expansion of the current at the centroid of the discretization triangles. We show that the Taylor-orthogonal discretization of the EMFIE mitigates the discrepancy in the computed Radar Cross Section observed in conventional divergence-conforming implementations for moderately small, perfectly conducting, sharp-edged objects. Furthermore, we show that the Taylor-discretization of the Müller-formulation represents a valid option for the analysis of sharp-edged homogenous dielectrics, especially with low dielectric contrasts, when compared with other RWG-discretized implementations for dielectrics. Since the divergence-Taylor Orthogonal basis functions are facet-oriented, they appear better suited than other, edge-oriented, discretization schemes for the analysis of piecewise homogenous objects since they simplify notably the discretization at the junctions arising from the intersection of several dielectric regions.
CitationUbeda, E.; Tamayo, J.; Rius, J. Taylor-orthogonal basis functions for the discretization in method of moments of second kind integral equations in the scattering analysis of perfectly conducting or dielectric objects. "Progress in electromagnetics research (PIER)", 2011, vol. 119, p. 85-105.