Cell response to collagen-calcium phosphate cement scaffolds investigated for nonviral gene delivery
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Collagen-hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffolds for the non-viral delivery of a plasmid encoding the osteoinductive protein bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-7 were developed. The collagen-HA was obtained by the combination of calcium phosphate cement in a collagen template. The effect on cell behavior of increasing amounts of HA in the scaffolds was evaluated. Collagen-HA scaffolds containing 13, 23 or 83 wt% HA were prepared. Cell proliferation was reduced in the 83% HA scaffold after 1 day compared to 13 and 23% HA, but by 14 days the number of cells in 83% HA considerably increased. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was 8 times higher for the 83% HA scaffolds. BMP-7 plasmid was incorporated into the 83% HA scaffold. The transfection was low, although significant levels of BMP7 were expressed, associated with an increase in cell proliferation.
CitationPérez, R.; Ginebra, M.; Spector, M. Cell response to collagen-calcium phosphate cement scaffolds investigated for nonviral gene delivery. "Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine", Abril 2011, vol. 22, núm. 4, p. 887-897.