The forward kinematics of 3-RPR planar robots: a review and a distance-based formulation
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The standard forward kinematics analysis of 3-RPR planar parallel robots boils down to computing the roots of a sextic polynomial. There are many different ways to obtain this polynomial but most of them include exceptions for which the formulation is not valid. Unfortunately, near these exceptions the corresponding polynomial exhibits numerical instabilities. In this paper, we provide a way around this inconvenience by translating the forward kinematics problem to be solved into an equivalent problem fully stated in terms of distances. Using constructive geometric arguments, an alternative sextic —which is not linked to a particular reference frame— is straightforwardly obtained without the need of variable eliminations nor tangent-half-angle substitutions. The presented formulation is valid, without any modification, for any planar 3-RPR parallel robot, including the special architectures and configurations —which ultimately lead to numerical instabilities— that cannot be directly handled by previous formulations.
CitationRojas, N.E.; Thomas, F. The forward kinematics of 3-RPR planar robots: a review and a distance-based formulation. "IEEE transactions on robotics", 2011, vol. 27, núm. 1, p. 143-150.