Invariant manifolds of L_3 and horseshoe motion in the restricted three-body problem
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In this paper, we consider horseshoe motion in the planar restricted three-body problem. On one hand, we deal with the families of horseshoe periodic orbits (which surround three equilibrium points called L3, L4 and L5), when the mass parameter µ is positive and small; we describe the structure of such families from the two-body problem (µ = 0). On the other hand, the region of existence of horseshoe periodic orbits for any value of µ ∈ (0, 1/2] implies the understanding of the behaviour of the invariant manifolds of L3. So, a systematic analysis of such manifolds is carried out. As well the implications on the number of homoclinic connections to L3, and on the simple infinite and double infinite period homoclinic phenomena are also analysed. Finally, the relationship between the horseshoe homoclinic orbits and the horseshoe periodic orbits are considered in detail.