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dc.contributor.authorDocquier, David
dc.contributor.authorMassonnet, François
dc.contributor.authorBarthélemy, Antoine
dc.contributor.authorTandon, Neil F.
dc.contributor.authorLecomte, Olivier
dc.contributor.authorFichelet, Thierry
dc.contributor.otherBarcelona Supercomputing Center
dc.identifier.citationDocquier, D. [et al.]. Relationships between Arctic sea ice drift and strength modelled by NEMO-LIM3.6. "The Cryosphere", 12 Desembre 2017, vol. 11, p. 2829-2846.
dc.description.abstractSea ice cover and thickness have substantially decreased in the Arctic Ocean since the beginning of the satellite era. As a result, sea ice strength has been reduced, allowing more deformation and fracturing and leading to increased sea ice drift speed. We use the version 3.6 of the global ocean–sea ice NEMO-LIM model (Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean coupled to the Louvain-la-Neuve sea Ice Model), satellite, buoy and submarine observations, as well as reanalysis data over the period from 1979 to 2013 to study these relationships. Overall, the model agrees well with observations in terms of sea ice extent, concentration and thickness. The seasonal cycle of sea ice drift speed is reasonably well reproduced by the model. NEMO-LIM3.6 is able to capture the relationships between the seasonal cycles of sea ice drift speed, concentration and thickness, with higher drift speed for both lower concentration and lower thickness, in agreement with observations. Model experiments are carried out to test the sensitivity of Arctic sea ice drift speed, thickness and concentration to changes in sea ice strength parameter P*. These show that higher values of P* generally lead to lower sea ice deformation and lower sea ice thickness, and that no single value of P* is the best option for reproducing the observed drift speed and thickness. The methodology proposed in this analysis provides a benchmark for a further model intercomparison related to the relationships between sea ice drift speed and strength, which is especially relevant in the context of the upcoming Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6 (CMIP6).
dc.description.sponsorshipDavid Docquier and Antoine Barthélemy work on the PRIMAVERA project (PRocess-based climate sIMulation: AdVances in high-resolution modelling and European climate Risk Assessment), which is funded by the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 programme, grant agreement no. 641727. François Massonnet is funded by the Belgian Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS) and was funded by the Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO). Neil F. Tandon is supported by the Canadian Sea Ice and Snow Evolution (CanSISE) Network. Olivier Lecomte is a research assistant within the Belgian FNRS. The present research benefited from computational resources made available on the Tier-1 supercomputer of the Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles, infrastructure funded by the Walloon Region under the grant agreement no. 1117545. Computational resources have also been provided by the Consortium des Équipements de Calcul Intensif (CÉCI), funded by the Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique de Belgique (F.R.S.-FNRS) under grant no. 2.5020.11. We would like to thank Hugues Goosse, Martin Vancoppenolle, Jonathan Raulier and Véronique Dansereau for their very helpful comments regarding this study. We also acknowledge Pierre-Yves Barriat for his help in using computing resources at UCL and Damien François for his advice in improving Python scripts. Finally, we thank the editor Dirk Notz and the two anonymous reviewers for helping to improve the original paper.
dc.format.extent18 p.
dc.publisherEuropean Geosciences Union (EGU)
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Desenvolupament humà i sostenible
dc.subject.lcshSea ice
dc.subject.otherArctic Ocean
dc.subject.otherSea ice cover
dc.subject.otherModel experiments
dc.titleRelationships between Arctic sea ice drift and strength modelled by NEMO-LIM3.6
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
dc.relation.projectidinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/641727/EU/PRocess-based climate sIMulation: AdVances in high resolution modelling and European climate Risk Assessment/PRIMAVERA
upcommons.citation.publicationNameThe Cryosphere
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