Let r(d, 2), C(d, 2), and AC(d, 2) be the largest order of a regular graph, a Cayley graph, and a Cayley graph of an Abelian
group, respectively, of diameter 2 and degree d. The best currently known lower bounds on these parameters are r(d, 2) ≥
$d^2$ − d + 1 for d − 1 an odd prime power (with a similar result for powers of two), C(d, 2) ≥ (d + 1)$^2$/2 for degrees d = 2q − 1
where q is an odd prime power, and AC(d, 2) ≥ (3/8)($d^2$ − 4) where d = 4q − 2 for an odd prime power q.
Using a number theory result on distribution of primes we prove, for all sufficiently large d, lower bounds on r(d, 2), C(d, 2), and AC(d, 2) of the form c · $d^2$ − O($d^1.525$) for c = 1, 1/2, and 3/8,
respectively. We also prove results of a similar flavour for vertex transitive
graphs and Cayley graphs of cyclic groups.
CitationŠiráň, Jozef; Siagiová, Jana; Ždímalová, Mária. Large graphs of diameter two and given degree. A: International Workshop on Optimal Networks Topologies. "Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Optimal Networks Topologies IWONT 2010". Barcelona: Iniciativa Digital Politècnica, 2011, p. 347-359.
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