Multi-cell Coordination Techniques for DL OFDMA Multi-hop Cellular Networks
Document typeMaster thesis (pre-Bologna period)
Rights accessOpen Access
The main objective of this project is to design coordinated spectrum sharing and reuse techniques among cells with the goal of mitigating interference at the cell edge and enhance the overall system capacity. The performance of the developed algorithm will be evaluated in an 802.16m (WiMAX) environment. In conventional cellular networks, frequency planning is usually considered to keep an acceptable signal-to-interference-plus noise ratio (SINR) level, especially at cell boundaries. Frequency assignations are done under a cell-by-cell basis, without any coordination between them to manage interference. Particularly this approach, however, hampers the system spectral efficiency at low reuse rates. For a specific reuse factor, the system throughput depends highly on the mobile station (MS) distribution and the channel conditions of the users to be served. If users served from different base stations (BS) experience a low level of interference, radio resources may be reused, applying a high reuse factor and thus, increasing the system spectral efficiency. On the other side, if the served users experience large interference, orthogonal transmissions are better and therefore a lower frequency reuse factor should be used. As a consequence, a dynamic reuse factor is preferable over a fixed one. This work addresses the design of joint multi-cell resource allocation and scheduling with coordination among neighbouring base stations (outer coordination) or sectors belonging to the same one (inner coordination) as a way to achieve flexible reuse factors. We propose a convex optimization framework to address the problem of coordinating bandwidth allocation in BS coordination problems. The proposed framework allows for different scheduling policies, which have an impact on the suitability of the reuse factor, since they determine which users have to be served. Therefore, it makes sense to consider the reuse factor as a result of the scheduling decision. To support the proposed techniques the BSs shall be capable of exchanging information with each other (decentralized approach) or with some control element in the back-haul network as an ASN gateway or some self-organization control entity (centralized approach).