|Títol: ||An UHF frequency-modulated continuous wave wind profiler - development and initial results|
|Autor: ||Garrido López, David|
|Altres autors/autores: ||Frasier, Stephen J.; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica|
|Editorial: ||Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya|
|Matèries: ||Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria electrònica i telecomunicacions::Radiocomunicació i exploració electromagnètica::Radar|
Atmospheric boundary layer (ABL)
|Tipus de document: ||Master thesis (pre-Bologna period)|
|Descripció: ||Projecte final de carrera realitzat en col.laboració amb Microwave Remote Sensing Laboratory|
The measurement of winds and processes taking place in the atmosphere is a fundamental
requirement in both research and operational meteorology. This project is
focused on the processes taking place in the lower troposphere called the atmospheric
boundary layer (ABL). The ABL is important meteorologically in terms of assessing
of convective instability. The entrainment zone at the top of the ABL acts as a lid on
rising (and cooling) air parcels due to temperature inversion. An external mechanism
such as geographically forced uplift, vigorous surface heating or dry lines, can break
the entrainment layer, allowing the capped air parcels to rise freely. As a result,
vigorous convection will begin producing severe thunderstorms.
ABL research and studies help (i) develop and improve existing numerical weather
prediction models, (ii) understand the transfer of heat, water vapor and momentum
between the Earth and the atmosphere, (iii) refine the analytical description of turbulent
processes and (iv) quantify the absorption and emission in the troposphere,
which is a major factor in shaping climate on Earth. The effect of the troposphere
on wave propagation has also been studied extensively for the purposes of improving
The main reason for FMCW radar development is the need for continuous monitoring
of the winds and fields in the atmosphere, improving in-situ measurements.
Conventional radar profiler technologies are usually able to make atmospheric measurements of the boundary layer, but preclude the lower part of the ABL, (around
150 meters). The Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave, Spaced Antenna (FMCWSA)
Radar, that is being developed in University of Massachusetts - Amherst, at the
Microwave Sensing Laboratory (MIRSL), will allow measurements of the lower part
of the ABL.
The use of FMCW radars is introduced in order to improve the limitations of
pulsed radars. Pulsed radars are limited by the pulse-width and switching speed of the
transmit-receive switches because of the use of common antennas for both functions.
The pulsed nature of the radar dictates a higher transmitter power, and consequently
the need for switches that are both faster and high powered. FMCW radar alleviate
this problem by using separate antennas for transmit and receive, which also allows
use at short ranges. The problem in dual-antenna systems is parallax at low altitudes
due to the spatially separated antenna apertures, and some uncertainty in the actual
The primary objective of this thesis is to explain the previous state of the radar,
providing a detailed account of it. Then to present the current state of the radar with
results and complete explanations to report conclusions.
|Altres identificadors i accés: ||http://hdl.handle.net/2099.1/9390|
|Disponible al dipòsit:||Treballs acadèmics UPC|
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