The implementation of an LDPC decoder in a Network on Chip environment
Tutor / director / evaluatorGelonch Bosch, Antonio José
Document typeMaster thesis (pre-Bologna period)
Rights accessOpen Access
The proposed project takes origin from a cooperation initiative named NEWCOM++ among research groups to develop 3G wireless mobile system. This work, in particular, tries to focuse on the communication errors arising on a message signal characterized by working under WiMAX 802.16e standard. It will be shown how this last wireless generation protocol needs a specific flexible instrumentation and why an LDPC error correction code suitable in order to respect the quality restrictions. A chapter will be dedicated to describe, not from a mathematical point of view, the LDPC algorithm theory and how it can be graphically represented to better organize the decodification process. The main objective of this work is to validate the PHAL-concept when addressing a complex and computationally intensive design like the LDPC encoder/decoder. The expected results should be both conceptual; identifying the lacks on the PHAL concept when addressing a real problem; and second to determine the overhead introduced by PHAL in the implementation of a LDPC decoder. The mission is to build a NoC (Network on Chip) able to perform the same task of a general purpose processor, but in less time and with better efficiency, in terms of component flexibility and throughput. The single element of the network is a basic processor element (PE) formed by the union of two separated components: a special purpose processor ASIP, the responsible of the input data LDPC decoding, and the router component PHAL, checking incoming data packets and scanning the temporization of tasks execution. Supported by a specific programming tool, the ASIP has been completely designed, from the architecture resources to the instruction set, through a language like C. Realized in this SystemC code and converted in VHDL language, it's been synthesized as to fit onto an FPGA of the Xilinx Virtex-5 family. Although the main purpose regards the making of an application as flexible as possible, a WiMAX-orientated LDPC implemented on a FPGA saves space and resources, choosing the one that best suits the project synthesis. This is because encoders and decoders will have to find room in the communication tools (e.g. modems) as best as possible. The whole network scenary has been mounted through a Linux application, acting as a master element. The entire environment will require the use of VPI libraries and components able to manage the communication protocols and interfacing mechanisms.