Aplicación de pantallas magnéticas a la reducción de tamaño de un sistema multiantena
Tutor / director / avaluadorGonzález Arbesu, José Maria
Tipus de documentTreball Final de Grau
Condicions d'accésAccés restringit per decisió de l'autor
In this project, the advantages and disadvantages provided by the inclusion of magnetic screens to decouple the different antennas that integrate a multi-antenna system will be studied. Metamaterials are introduced, being some of their possible uses and some applications (according to referenced papers) will be exposed. Specifically, a type of metamaterials will be explained: magnetic screens. The tools used for the design and simulation of multi-antenna structures involving these artificial materials will be commented. A multi-antenna system design based onm etamaterial separators will be designed in order to reduce the size of the multi-antenna structure keeping the isolation level between antenna elements. Firstly, a unit cell to be used in the magnetic screen will be analysed and designed. Next, a monopole will be tuned at an operating frequency of 2.45GHz. Secondly, two multi-antenna systems will be designed, a first having two monopoles and another one with four monopoles. These designs will be compared with the performance of: 1) a conventional system where the decoupling is achieved by the separating the antennas; 2) a system where the decoupling is achieved by the inclusion of a metal screen; and 3) a system that includes an artificial magnetic screen (metamaterial) composed with a periodic arrangement of a pre-designed unit cell. The parameters evaluated for comparison between the three types of decoupling systems are: reflection coefficient, isolation, and radiation pattern, all of them at frequency of 2.45 GHz because this frequency corresponds to a free band in the National Frequency Table and consequently this system may be used in Wi-Fi systems. The electrical sizes of the final designs having the artificial magnetic screen are compared with the multi-antenna systems without isolating screens.
MatèriesSynthesis lectures on antennas