Mälardalens University makes internationally recognized research in the field of
Robotics. This technological work shows an electrical engine control developed at
Mälardalens University. The target of this project is to make an interface able to
communicate with a platform/robot to move the platform/robot using an electric engine
control in ADA language.
There are different kinds of electric engines, AC, DC, stepper motor, etc. This
control focuses on DC electric motors because they are typically used in robots. The
control works with a PWM system (Pulse Width Modulation). As its name says, this
system consists in sending pulses (high-low), obtaining this way a periodic square
wave. This signal can modify the duty cycle, i.e. to change the duration of the high level
or the low level as well as varying the frequency of the signal.
There is a huge variety of types of Integrated Microcontrollers that can deliver
PWM signals according to their characteristics. One of them is the ATmega128, which
has incorporated an H-Bridges to turn forward or reverse trough the PWM signal
The control of the DC motors consist in sending a signal through the H-Bridge
devices, that makes the motors works either together, or only the left or the right one or
stop both of them. This signal is of the type PWM (Pulse Width Modulation), which can
control the output, the length of the wave, the frequency, etc.
PFC del programa Erasmus elaborat a Mälardalen University Sweden
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