La Adaptabilidad tipológica y constructiva de la vivienda realizada por el usuario en el desarrollo sistemático de la vivienda social progresiva
ColaboratorDíaz Gómez, Cèsar; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Construccions Arquitectòniques I
Document typeDoctoral thesis
PublisherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Rights accessOpen Access
Progressive social housing is a typology housing characteristic of underdeveloped countries or developing, especially in Latin America, where a systematic work is carried out and jointly by the State (Government) and the most vulnerable sector of the population to obtain a permanent housing solution, in accordance with the financial resources both in the country and the social beneficiary. This housing solution, in practical terms, is initially a temporary housing that is consolidating progressively in short time through a constructive process carried out by the user. In the case of Chile, these public policies on progressive social housing have been developed since the 1950s. At the beginning of the year 2000 there was a qualitative leap in which make the architecture of these solutions, with the creation of the new housing policy, which makes structural changes on public policy for housing and programs rooms, which exemplify proyectualmente in the various architectural proposals developed. The radical change in this new form of architecture is that the progressive growth of the housing is linked to a growth of type planimétrico (enclosure or subdivision of the housing through vertical and horizontal planes on a bearing structural support and sanitary and electrical installations), in contrast to the growth of volumetric type of predecessor architectural proposals (which only guarantee the acquisition of a subdivision in which stood a few) basic facilities (washbasin and kitchen) and then the construction of the missing enclosures based on self. In this sense, these new architectural proposals guarantee a lower economic cost and time to consolidate all the user basically because the project is proposed to be developed such as the original proposal made by the Government. However, this process of consolidation of housing in the final analysis has become in many ways, many of them by modifying (adapting) largely the original proposal for definitive housing proposed by the Government, non-compliance with the objectives to initiate them this new housing policy (incurring excessive economic costs from the user, as at the same time extending the process times). Therefore, this study is oriented in the first instance to establish the influence of social factors and the architectural factor in the typological and constructive adaptability made by the user in the process of consolidation of housing in the final analysis, intermediate stage of the systematic development of progressive social housing, in a typology of so-called housing houses Chubis (two plants in continuous block housing)(with antejardín and backyard), embedded in the complex Valley village (commune of Peñalolén, Santiago city of Chile, 2006) representing six housing built and delivered in the housing program housing Social dynamics without debt (VSDsD) of the new policy. In order to see why and the and the adaptabilidades made to the housing by the user, which is belonging to the most vulnerable social group of the population. 9 This will take place through a sequential process of research, beginning with a collection of information (case studies), the comprehensive study and analysis of these, making the conclusions of the analysis which will be the results of the initial objectives and the research hypothesis, continuing with a chapter that it was born after the results of the findings of the analysis (a new proposal of Adaptive social housing) and culminates with the findings of the investigation.
- Tesis - TDX-UPC