Modelo de captación y administración de remesas para generar ahorro e inversión : el caso mexicano
ColaboratorPérez Peral, Anastasio; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Organització d'Empreses
Document typeDoctoral thesis
PublisherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Rights accessOpen Access
The thesis includes an overview of the e'.Ciution and current context for two international socioeconomic phenomena: migration and remittances of migrants to their country, its importance and impact on host economies in general and the particular case of the Mexican economy as the second recipient of this income from the United States, major recipient of migrants worldwide. From the statement of the problem that gives rise to the inquiry : no statistically significant relationship between remittance income in the nine states that expel migrants mostly to the U.S. and the economic development of their local economies is a summary of the state of art researchers in the field, which is evident the non-existence of the relationship between the two factors described and even more, it shows evidence of the negative effects on social and economic development of host economies, since remittance income is used almost entirely for consumption rather than investment and efforts of various governments have undertaken so that recipients of these remittances invest these resources in productive projects have not had the desired effect: the case of Mexico is then, another in the long list of countries receiving remittances in these revenues have not had a positive impact on economic indicators. The contrast of the problems a trigger of the thesis work and the art of the subject, there is the justification of the work and its overall objective: to propose a model for capturing and managing remittances to generate savings in the short term, and investment in the long run, the same which in turn leads to two specific objectives: the first : to analyze the relationship between remittance in flows and economic growth of the Mexican states that receive remittances mostly measured through various economic indicators, with in order to demonstrate the necessity of the proposed model and the second : to analyze the costs of transfers from the United States to major destinations of remittances in Mexico, the participating entities, operating characteristics, with the aim of demonstrating the feasibility financial model. The analysis information resulting from these two objectives serves as a basis for presenting the general operating characteristics of the proposed model which demonstrates the feasibility of participants companies and organizations in the delivery of remittances to Mexico, pay these amounts relatives of migrants without charging any fee to a fixed exchange rate, to allow families receiving remittances can save at least the amount previously paid as commission and access to financial services : credit leas e agreements, mortgages, credit cards, etc.; savings through participating financial institutions, as a whole, can be channeled to investment banking and intended in the medium and long term production projects managed by experts holders knowledge and technical infrastructure that result in job creation in host communities and infrastructure development of social benefit. Finally we present the conclusions of the investigation, the recommendations flow from it and future research.
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