This thesis is framed in the field of mobile communications and more particularly in handset antennas. The wireless industry is constantly growing, which entails challenging handset antenna specifications. Handset antennas not only have to be multi-band for satisfying the great number of communication services, but also sufficiently small as for fitting in the reduced space imposed by the handset platforms. The appearance of the MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) technology, further exacerbates these challenges. In order to satisfy these requirements, this thesis proposes the use of the ground plane, inherently present in any handset platform, as the main radiator. Electrically small nonresonant elements, called along this thesis as ground plane boosters, are used to transfer energy to this ground plane. The solution removes the need of including a dedicated antenna featured by considerable
dimensions, thus releasing space to integrate other antennas, as well as, other handset components, services and functionalities.
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