The storage of hazardous materials is a necessary part of the life cycle and operation of any process plant, which intrinsically entails certain hazards and dangers. The results of historical analysis reveal that 17% of major accidents in the process industry occur in storage terminals, and the NFPA of the USA reported that in 2009, 13% percent of the major fire accidents that occurred in that country took place in storage installations, causing $69,980,000 in losses. Therefore, it is clear that a methodology for the optimization of the design of storage terminals from a safety point of view could be very useful. A method that allows doing this, through the combination of Quantitative Risk Assessment, Inherently Safer Design and mathematical optimization, has been developed in this thesis. This methodology has been applied to a real life case study, obtaining results that validate it as a useful tool in the design of storage terminals.
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