Articles de revista
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/3271
2017-03-28T22:08:47ZThree-dimensional topological solitons in PT-symmetric optical lattices
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/102931
Three-dimensional topological solitons in PT-symmetric optical lattices
Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Hang, Chao; Huang, Guoxiang; Torner Sabata, Lluís
We address the properties of fully three-dimensional solitons in complex parity-time (PT)-symmetric periodic lattices with focusing Kerr nonlinearity, and uncover that such lattices can stabilize both fundamental and vortex-carrying soliton states. The imaginary part of the lattice induces internal currents in the solitons that strongly affect their domains of existence and stability. The domain of stability for fundamental solitons can extend nearly up to the PT-symmetry breaking point, where the linear lattice spectrum becomes complex. Vortex solitons feature spatially asymmetric profiles in the PT-symmetric lattices, but they are found to still exist as stable states within narrow regions. Our results provide the first example of continuous families of stable three-dimensional propagating solitons supported by complex potentials.
2017-03-28T08:41:28ZKartashov, Yaroslav V.Hang, ChaoHuang, GuoxiangTorner Sabata, LluísWe address the properties of fully three-dimensional solitons in complex parity-time (PT)-symmetric periodic lattices with focusing Kerr nonlinearity, and uncover that such lattices can stabilize both fundamental and vortex-carrying soliton states. The imaginary part of the lattice induces internal currents in the solitons that strongly affect their domains of existence and stability. The domain of stability for fundamental solitons can extend nearly up to the PT-symmetry breaking point, where the linear lattice spectrum becomes complex. Vortex solitons feature spatially asymmetric profiles in the PT-symmetric lattices, but they are found to still exist as stable states within narrow regions. Our results provide the first example of continuous families of stable three-dimensional propagating solitons supported by complex potentials.Ultrasensitive interferometric on-chip microscopy of transparent objects
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/102826
Ultrasensitive interferometric on-chip microscopy of transparent objects
Terborg, Roland A.; Pello, Josselin; Mannelli, Ilaria; Pérez Torres, Juan; Pruneri, Valerio
Light microscopes can detect objects through several physical processes, such as scattering, absorption, and reflection. In transparent objects, these mechanisms are often too weak, and interference effects are more suitable to observe the tiny refractive index variations that produce phase shifts. We propose an on-chip microscope design that exploits birefringence in an unconventional geometry. It makes use of two sheared and quasi-overlapped illuminating beams experiencing relative phase shifts when going through the object, and a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor image sensor array to record the resulting interference pattern. Unlike conventional microscopes, the beams are unfocused, leading to a very large field of view (20 mm(2)) and detection volume (more than 0.5 cm(3)), at the expense of lateral resolution. The high axial sensitivity (<1 nm) achieved using a novel phase-shifting interferometric operation makes the proposed device ideal for examining transparent substrates and reading microarrays of biomarkers. This is demonstrated by detecting nanometer-thick surface modulations on glass and single and double protein layers.
2017-03-23T12:57:15ZTerborg, Roland A.Pello, JosselinMannelli, IlariaPérez Torres, JuanPruneri, ValerioLight microscopes can detect objects through several physical processes, such as scattering, absorption, and reflection. In transparent objects, these mechanisms are often too weak, and interference effects are more suitable to observe the tiny refractive index variations that produce phase shifts. We propose an on-chip microscope design that exploits birefringence in an unconventional geometry. It makes use of two sheared and quasi-overlapped illuminating beams experiencing relative phase shifts when going through the object, and a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor image sensor array to record the resulting interference pattern. Unlike conventional microscopes, the beams are unfocused, leading to a very large field of view (20 mm(2)) and detection volume (more than 0.5 cm(3)), at the expense of lateral resolution. The high axial sensitivity (<1 nm) achieved using a novel phase-shifting interferometric operation makes the proposed device ideal for examining transparent substrates and reading microarrays of biomarkers. This is demonstrated by detecting nanometer-thick surface modulations on glass and single and double protein layers.Frequency conversion of structured light
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/102277
Frequency conversion of structured light
Steinlechner, Fabian; Hermosa, Nathaniel; Pruneri, Valerio; Pérez Torres, Juan
Coherent frequency conversion of structured light, i.e. the ability to manipulate the carrier frequency of a wave front without distorting its spatial phase and intensity profile, provides the opportunity for numerous novel applications in photonic technology and fundamental science. In particular, frequency conversion of spatial modes carrying orbital angular momentum can be exploited in sub-wavelength resolution nano-optics and coherent imaging at a wavelength different from that used to illuminate an object. Moreover, coherent frequency conversion will be crucial for interfacing information stored in the high-dimensional spatial structure of single and entangled photons with various constituents of quantum networks. In this work, we demonstrate frequency conversion of structured light from the near infrared (803¿nm) to the visible (527¿nm). The conversion scheme is based on sum-frequency generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate crystal pumped with a 1540-nm Gaussian beam. We observe frequency-converted fields that exhibit a high degree of similarity with the input field and verify the coherence of the frequency-conversion process via mode projection measurements with a phase mask and a single-mode fiber. Our results demonstrate the suitability of exploiting the technique for applications in quantum information processing and coherent imaging.
2017-03-10T10:51:14ZSteinlechner, FabianHermosa, NathanielPruneri, ValerioPérez Torres, JuanCoherent frequency conversion of structured light, i.e. the ability to manipulate the carrier frequency of a wave front without distorting its spatial phase and intensity profile, provides the opportunity for numerous novel applications in photonic technology and fundamental science. In particular, frequency conversion of spatial modes carrying orbital angular momentum can be exploited in sub-wavelength resolution nano-optics and coherent imaging at a wavelength different from that used to illuminate an object. Moreover, coherent frequency conversion will be crucial for interfacing information stored in the high-dimensional spatial structure of single and entangled photons with various constituents of quantum networks. In this work, we demonstrate frequency conversion of structured light from the near infrared (803¿nm) to the visible (527¿nm). The conversion scheme is based on sum-frequency generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate crystal pumped with a 1540-nm Gaussian beam. We observe frequency-converted fields that exhibit a high degree of similarity with the input field and verify the coherence of the frequency-conversion process via mode projection measurements with a phase mask and a single-mode fiber. Our results demonstrate the suitability of exploiting the technique for applications in quantum information processing and coherent imaging.Weak value amplification: a view from quantum estimation theory that highlights what it is and what isn’t
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/102273
Weak value amplification: a view from quantum estimation theory that highlights what it is and what isn’t
Pérez Torres, Juan; Salazar Serrano, Luis Jose
Weak value amplification (WVA) is a concept that has been extensively used in a myriad of applications with the aim of rendering measurable tiny changes of a variable of interest. In spite of this, there is still an on-going debate about its true nature and whether is really needed for achieving high sensitivity. Here we aim at helping to clarify the puzzle, using a specific example and some basic concepts from quantum estimation theory, highlighting what the use of the WVA concept can offer and what it can not. While WVA cannot be used to go beyond some fundamental sensitivity limits that arise from considering the full nature of the quantum states, WVA can notwithstanding enhance the sensitivity of real and specific detection schemes that are limited by many other things apart from the quantum nature of the states involved, i.e. technical noise. Importantly, it can do that in a straightforward and easily accessible manner.
2017-03-10T10:27:25ZPérez Torres, JuanSalazar Serrano, Luis JoseWeak value amplification (WVA) is a concept that has been extensively used in a myriad of applications with the aim of rendering measurable tiny changes of a variable of interest. In spite of this, there is still an on-going debate about its true nature and whether is really needed for achieving high sensitivity. Here we aim at helping to clarify the puzzle, using a specific example and some basic concepts from quantum estimation theory, highlighting what the use of the WVA concept can offer and what it can not. While WVA cannot be used to go beyond some fundamental sensitivity limits that arise from considering the full nature of the quantum states, WVA can notwithstanding enhance the sensitivity of real and specific detection schemes that are limited by many other things apart from the quantum nature of the states involved, i.e. technical noise. Importantly, it can do that in a straightforward and easily accessible manner.Rotating vortex clusters in media with inhomogeneous defocusing nonlinearity
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/102043
Rotating vortex clusters in media with inhomogeneous defocusing nonlinearity
Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Malomed, Boris A.; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Belic, Milivoj R.; Torner Sabata, Lluís
We show that media with inhomogeneous defocusing cubic nonlinearity growing toward the periphery can support a variety of stable vortex clusters nested in a common localized envelope. Nonrotating symmetric clusters are built from an even number of vortices with opposite topological charges, located at equal distances from the origin. Rotation makes the clusters strongly asymmetric, as the centrifugal force shifts some vortices to the periphery, while others approach the origin, depending on the topological charge. We obtain such asymmetric clusters as stationary states in the rotating coordinate frame, identify their existence domains, and show that the rotation may stabilize some of them.
2017-03-07T11:55:42ZKartashov, Yaroslav V.Malomed, Boris A.Vysloukh, Victor A.Belic, Milivoj R.Torner Sabata, LluísWe show that media with inhomogeneous defocusing cubic nonlinearity growing toward the periphery can support a variety of stable vortex clusters nested in a common localized envelope. Nonrotating symmetric clusters are built from an even number of vortices with opposite topological charges, located at equal distances from the origin. Rotation makes the clusters strongly asymmetric, as the centrifugal force shifts some vortices to the periphery, while others approach the origin, depending on the topological charge. We obtain such asymmetric clusters as stationary states in the rotating coordinate frame, identify their existence domains, and show that the rotation may stabilize some of them.A 3D printed toolbox for opto-mechanical components
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/100862
A 3D printed toolbox for opto-mechanical components
Salazar Serrano, Luis Jose; Pérez Torres, Juan; Valencia, Alejandra
In this article we present the development of a set of opto-mechanical components (a kinematic mount, a translation stage and an integrating sphere) that can be easily built using a 3D printer based on Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) and parts that can be found in any hardware store. Here we provide a brief description of the 3D models used and some details on the fabrication process. Moreover, with the help of three simple experimental setups, we evaluate the performance of the opto-mechanical components developed by doing a quantitative comparison with its commercial counterparts. Our results indicate that the components fabricated are highly customizable, low-cost, require a short time to be fabricated and surprisingly, offer a performance that compares favorably with respect to low-end commercial alternatives.
2017-02-10T14:28:16ZSalazar Serrano, Luis JosePérez Torres, JuanValencia, AlejandraIn this article we present the development of a set of opto-mechanical components (a kinematic mount, a translation stage and an integrating sphere) that can be easily built using a 3D printer based on Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) and parts that can be found in any hardware store. Here we provide a brief description of the 3D models used and some details on the fabrication process. Moreover, with the help of three simple experimental setups, we evaluate the performance of the opto-mechanical components developed by doing a quantitative comparison with its commercial counterparts. Our results indicate that the components fabricated are highly customizable, low-cost, require a short time to be fabricated and surprisingly, offer a performance that compares favorably with respect to low-end commercial alternatives.Vector mixed-gap surface solitons
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/100241
Vector mixed-gap surface solitons
Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Ye, F; Torner Sabata, Lluís
We elucidate the properties of mixed-gap vector surface solitons supported by the interface between a uniform medium and an optical lattice imprinted in a Kerr-type nonlinear media. The components of such mixed-gap solitons emerge from different gaps of lattice spectrum and their mutual trapping results in the formation of stable vector states. The unstable soliton component is stabilized by the cross-coupling with the stable component. We show that vector mixed-gap surface solitons exhibit a new combination of properties of vectorial surface waves and gap solitons.
2017-01-27T17:28:04ZKartashov, Yaroslav V.Ye, FTorner Sabata, LluísWe elucidate the properties of mixed-gap vector surface solitons supported by the interface between a uniform medium and an optical lattice imprinted in a Kerr-type nonlinear media. The components of such mixed-gap solitons emerge from different gaps of lattice spectrum and their mutual trapping results in the formation of stable vector states. The unstable soliton component is stabilized by the cross-coupling with the stable component. We show that vector mixed-gap surface solitons exhibit a new combination of properties of vectorial surface waves and gap solitons.Management of the angular momentum of light: preparation of photons in multidimensional vector states of angular momentum
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/100066
Management of the angular momentum of light: preparation of photons in multidimensional vector states of angular momentum
Molina Terriza, Gabriel; Pérez Torres, Juan; Torner Sabata, Lluís
We put forward schemes to prepare photons in multidimensional vector states of orbital angular momentum. We show realizable light distributions that yield prescribed states with finite or infinite normal modes. In particular, we show that suitable light vortex pancakes allow the add-drop of specific vector projections. We suggest that such photons might allow the generation of engineered quNits in multidimensional quantum information systems.
2017-01-25T17:12:09ZMolina Terriza, GabrielPérez Torres, JuanTorner Sabata, LluísWe put forward schemes to prepare photons in multidimensional vector states of orbital angular momentum. We show realizable light distributions that yield prescribed states with finite or infinite normal modes. In particular, we show that suitable light vortex pancakes allow the add-drop of specific vector projections. We suggest that such photons might allow the generation of engineered quNits in multidimensional quantum information systems.Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/100059
Ultrabroadband biphotons generated via chirped quasi-phase-matched optical parametric down-conversion
Nasr, M B; Carrasco, S; Saleh, B E A; Sergienko, A V; Teich, M C; Pérez Torres, Juan; Torner Sabata, Lluís; Hum, D S; Fejer, M M
We generate ultrabroadband biphotons via the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) in quasi-phase-matched nonlinear gratings that have a linearly chirped wave vector. By using these ultrabroadband biphotons (300-nm bandwidth), we measure the narrowest Hong-Ou-Mandel dip to date, having a full width at half maximum of 7.1 fs. This enables the generation of a high flux of nonoverlapping biphotons with ultrabroad bandwidth, thereby promoting the use of SPDC light in many nonclassical applications.
2017-01-25T16:38:41ZNasr, M BCarrasco, SSaleh, B E ASergienko, A VTeich, M CPérez Torres, JuanTorner Sabata, LluísHum, D SFejer, M MWe generate ultrabroadband biphotons via the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) in quasi-phase-matched nonlinear gratings that have a linearly chirped wave vector. By using these ultrabroadband biphotons (300-nm bandwidth), we measure the narrowest Hong-Ou-Mandel dip to date, having a full width at half maximum of 7.1 fs. This enables the generation of a high flux of nonoverlapping biphotons with ultrabroad bandwidth, thereby promoting the use of SPDC light in many nonclassical applications.Soliton excitation in waveguide arrays with an effective intermediate dimensionality
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/100058
Soliton excitation in waveguide arrays with an effective intermediate dimensionality
Szameit, Alexander; Kartashov, Yaroslav V.; Dreisow, Felix; Heinrich, Matthias; Pertsch, T; Nolte, Stefan; Tunnermann, A F Lederer; Vysloukh, Victor A.; Lederer, F.; Torner Sabata, Lluís
We reveal and observe experimentally significant modifications undertaken by discrete solitons in waveguide lattices upon the continuous transformation of the lattice structure from one-dimensional to two-dimensional. Light evolution and soliton excitation in arrays with a gradually increasing number of rows are investigated, yielding solitons with an effective reduced dimensionality residing at the edge and in the bulk of the lattice.
2017-01-25T16:36:15ZSzameit, AlexanderKartashov, Yaroslav V.Dreisow, FelixHeinrich, MatthiasPertsch, TNolte, StefanTunnermann, A F LedererVysloukh, Victor A.Lederer, F.Torner Sabata, LluísWe reveal and observe experimentally significant modifications undertaken by discrete solitons in waveguide lattices upon the continuous transformation of the lattice structure from one-dimensional to two-dimensional. Light evolution and soliton excitation in arrays with a gradually increasing number of rows are investigated, yielding solitons with an effective reduced dimensionality residing at the edge and in the bulk of the lattice.