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Citació: Casals, M. [et al.]. Incidence of infectious diseases and survival among the Roma population: a longitudinal cohort study. "European Journal of Public Health", 07 Gener 2011, p. 1-6.
Títol: Incidence of infectious diseases and survival among the Roma population: a longitudinal cohort study
Autor: Casals, Martí; Pila, Pilar; Langohr, Klaus Veure Producció científica UPC; Millet, Juan-Pablo; Caylà, J
Editorial: Oxford University Press
Data: 7-gen-2011
Tipus de document: Article
Resum: Background: Roma ethnicity is greatly affected by tuberculosis (TB), AIDS, injecting drugs use (IDU) and imprisonment. Methods: We assessed the incidence of several health problems by means of a retrospective cohort study performed in Camp de la Bota, Barcelona (Spain). The 380 individuals included in the 1985 TB outbreak investigation were followed-up until 31 December 2008. One hundred ninety-two subjects (50.5%) were men and 188 (49.5%) women. Information sources included questionnaires taken at the time of this outbreak, a population census and other registries from Barcelona and Catalonia. Cox proportional hazards mixed models were employed in the multivariate survival analysis. Results: By the end of the follow-up, the survival rate was 79.4%; 50 persons (13.1%) had deceased and 28 (7.3%) had emigrated. The incidence of AIDS was 104 cases per 100 000 person-years of follow-up (pyf), IDU was 240 cases pyf, imprisonment was 642 cases pyf and that of TB was 91 cases pyf. Male survival was lower [hazard ratio (HR) 4.22], when the effect of family was taken into account, than when it was not taken into account (HR 3.67). Conclusions: High incidences of AIDS, TB, IDU, imprisonment and poor survival rates have been observed among Roma. Family was found to be an important factor influencing the survival rates: when not considered, the risk of death among men was underestimated.
ISSN: ISSN 1101-1262
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2117/13112
DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckq204
Versió de l'editor: http://eurpub.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/01/07/eurpub.ckq204.full.pdf+html
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