DSpace Collection:
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/3228
20141223T04:27:44Z

Nonlinear equations for fractional Laplacians, I: Regularity, maximum principles, and Hamiltonian estimates
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/22391
Title: Nonlinear equations for fractional Laplacians, I: Regularity, maximum principles, and Hamiltonian estimates
Authors: Cabré Vilagut, Xavier; Sire, Yannick
Abstract: This is the first of two articles dealing with the equation ()sv = f (v) in Rn, with s ¿ (0,1), where ()s stands for the fractional Laplacian — the in¿nitesimal generator of a Lévy process. This equation can be realized as a local linear degenerate elliptic equation in Rn+1+ together with a nonlinear Neumann boundary condition on ¿Rn+1 + =Rn.
In this ¿rst article, we establish necessary conditions on the nonlinearity f to admit certain type of solutions, with special interest in bounded increasing solutions in all of R. These necessary conditions (which will be proven in a followup paper to be also suficient for the existence of a bounded increasing solution) are derived from an equality and an estimate involving a Hamiltonian — in the spirit of a result of Modica for the Laplacian. Our proofs are uniform ass ¿1, establishing in the limit the corresponding known results for the Laplacian.
In addition, we study regularity issues, as well as maximum and Harnack principles associated to the equation.

Sufficient conditions for controllability and observability of serial and parallel concatenated linear systems
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/25002
Title: Sufficient conditions for controllability and observability of serial and parallel concatenated linear systems
Authors: García Planas, María Isabel; Domínguez García, José Luis; Um, Laurence Emilie
Abstract: This paper deals with the sufficient conditions
for controllability and observability characters of finitedimensional
linear continuoustimeinvariant systems of serial
and parallel concatenated systems. The obtained conditions
depend on the controllability and observability of the systems
and in some cases, the functional outputcontrollability of the
first one.
20141211T12:39:29Z

Addendum to “Frobenius and Cartier algebras of Stanley–Reisner rings” [J. Algebra 358 (2012) 162–177]
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24996
Title: Addendum to “Frobenius and Cartier algebras of Stanley–Reisner rings” [J. Algebra 358 (2012) 162–177]
Authors: Álvarez Montaner, Josep; Yanagawa, Kohji
Abstract: We give a purely combinatorial characterization of complete Stanley–Reisner rings having a principally generated (equivalently, finitely generated) Cartier algebra.
20141211T09:15:25Z

A new approach to the vakonomic mechanics
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24993
Title: A new approach to the vakonomic mechanics
Authors: Llibre Saló, Jaume; Ramírez Ros, Rafael; Sadovskaia Nurimanova, Natalia Guennadievna
Abstract: The aim of this paper was to show that the Lagranged'Alembert and its equivalent the Gauss and Appel principle are not the only way to deduce the equations of motion of the nonholonomic systems. Instead of them we consider the generalization of the Hamiltonian principle for nonholonomic systems with nonzero transpositional relations. We apply this variational principle, which takes into the account transpositional relations different from the classical ones, and we deduce the equations of motion for the nonholonomic systems with constraints that in general are nonlinear in the velocity. These equations of motion coincide, except perhaps in a zero Lebesgue measure set, with the classical differential equations deduced with the d'AlembertLagrange principle. We provide a new point of view on the transpositional relations for the constrained mechanical systems: the virtual variations can produce zero or nonzero transpositional relations. In particular, the independent virtual variations can produce nonzero transpositional relations. For the unconstrained mechanical systems, the virtual variations always produce zero transpositional relations. We conjecture that the existence of the nonlinear constraints in the velocity must be sought outside of the Newtonian mechanics. We illustrate our results with examples.
20141211T08:01:15Z

Zero, minimum and maximum relative radial acceleration for planar formation flight dynamics near triangular libration points in the EarthMoon system
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24992
Title: Zero, minimum and maximum relative radial acceleration for planar formation flight dynamics near triangular libration points in the EarthMoon system
Authors: Salazar, F.J.T; Masdemont Soler, Josep; Gómez Muntané, Gerard; Macau, E.E.N.; Winter, O. C.
Abstract: Assume a constellation of satellites is flying near a given nominal trajectory around L4 or L5 in the EarthMoon system in such a way that there is some freedom in the selection of the geometry of the constellation. We are interested in avoiding large variations of the mutual distances between spacecraft. In this case, the existence of regions of zero and minimum relative radial acceleration with respect to the nominal trajectory will prevent from the expansion or contraction of the constellation. In the other case, the existence of regions of maximum relative radial acceleration with respect to the nominal trajectory will produce a larger expansion and contraction of the constellation. The goal of this paper is to study these regions in the scenario of the Circular Restricted Three Body Problem by means of a linearization of the equations of motion relative to the periodic orbits around L4 or L5. This study corresponds to a preliminar planar formation flight dynamics about triangular libration points in the EarthMoon system. Additionally, the cost estimate to maintain the constellation in the regions of zero and minimum relative radial acceleration or keeping a rigid configuration is computed with the use of the residual acceleration concept. At the end, the results are compared with the dynamical behavior of the deviation of the constellation from a periodic orbit. (C) 2014 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
20141211T07:49:26Z

An extension problem for the CR fractional Laplacian
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24794
Title: An extension problem for the CR fractional Laplacian
Authors: Frank, Rupert L.; González Nogueras, María del Mar; Monticelli, Dario D.; Tan, Jinggang
Abstract: We show that the conformally invariant fractional powers of the subLaplacian
on the Heisenberg group are given in terms of the scattering operator for an extension
problem to the Siegel upper halfspace. Remarkably, this extension problem is di erent
from the one studied, among others, by Ca arelli and Silvestre.
20141121T11:27:55Z

Functional outputcontrollability of timeinvariant singular linear systems
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24676
Title: Functional outputcontrollability of timeinvariant singular linear systems
Authors: García Planas, María Isabel; Tarragona Romero, Sonia
Abstract: In the space of finitedimensional
singular linear continuoustimeinvariant systems described in the form \begin{equation}\label{eq1}\left . \begin{array}{rl} E \dot x(t)&= Ax(t)+Bu(t)\\ y(t)&=Cx(t)\end{array}{\kern1mm}\right \}\end{equation}
where $E,A\in M=M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$, $B\in M_{n\times m}(\mathbb{C})$, $C\in M_{p\times n}(\mathbb{C})$, functional outputcontrollability character is considered. A simple test based in
the computation of the rank of a certain constant matrix that can be associated to the system is presented
20141111T12:18:07Z

A PDE approach of inflammatory phase dynamics in diabetic wounds.
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24422
Title: A PDE approach of inflammatory phase dynamics in diabetic wounds.
Authors: Consul Porras, M. Nieves; Oliva, Sergio M.; Pellicer, Marta
Abstract: The objective of the present paper is the modeling and analysis of the
dynamics of macrophages and certain growth factors in the in
ammatory phase, the rst one of the wound healing process. It is the phase where there exists a majordi erence between diabetic and nondiabetic wound healing, an e ect that we will
consider in this paper.
20141020T10:27:38Z

Modelling of a clampedpinned pipeline conveying fluid for vibrational stability analysis
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24129
Title: Modelling of a clampedpinned pipeline conveying fluid for vibrational stability analysis
Authors: Mediano Valiente, Begoña; García Planas, María Isabel
Abstract: Recent developments in materials and cost reduction
have led the study of the vibrational stability of
pipelines conveying fluid to be an important issue.
Nowadays, this analysis is done both by means of simulation
with specialized softwares and by laboratory
testing of the preferred materials. The former usually
requires of complex modelling of the pipeline and the
internal fluid to determine if the material will ensure vibrational
stability; and in the latter case, each time there
is a mistake on the material selection is necessary to
restart all the process making this option expensive. In
this paper, the classical mathematical description of the
dynamic behavior of a clampedpinned pipeline conveying
fluid is presented. Then, they are approximated
to a Hamiltonian system through Garlekin’s method being
modelled as a simple linear system. The system
stability has been studied by means of the eigenvalues
of the linear system. From this analysis, characteristic
expressions dependent on material constants has been
developed as inequalities, which ensures the stability
of the material if it matches all expressions. This new
model provides a simplified dynamical approximation
of the pipeline conveying fluid depending on material
and fluid constants that is useful to determine if it is
stable or not. It is worth to determine that the model
dynamics does not correspond with the real, but the
global behaviour is well represented. Finally, some
simulations of specific materials have been use to validate
the results obtained from the Hamiltonian model
and a more complex model done with finite element
software.
20140922T10:36:12Z

Godement resolutions and sheaf homotopy theory
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24111
Title: Godement resolutions and sheaf homotopy theory
Authors: Rodríguez González, Beatriz; Roig Martí, Agustín
Abstract: The Godement cosimplicial resolution is available for a wide range of categories
of sheaves. In this paper we investigate under which conditions of the Grothendieck site and the category of coefficients it can be used to obtain fibrant models and hence to do sheaf homotopy theory. For instance, for which Grothendieck sites and coefficients we can define sheaf cohomology and derived functors through it
20140919T08:39:42Z

Peaks and jumps reconstruction with Bsplines scaling functions
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24078
Title: Peaks and jumps reconstruction with Bsplines scaling functions
Authors: Ortiz Gracia, Luis; Masdemont Soler, Josep
Abstract: We consider a methodology based on Bsplines scaling functions to numerically invert Fourier or Laplace transforms of functions in the space L2(R). The original function is approximated by a finite combination of jth order Bsplines basis functions and we provide analytical expressions for the recovered coefficients. The methodology is particularly well suited when the original function or its derivatives present peaks or jumps due to discontinuities in the domain. We will show in the numerical experiments the robustness and accuracy of the method. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
20140917T11:25:15Z

Differentiable families of planar bimodal linear control systems
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24076
Title: Differentiable families of planar bimodal linear control systems
Authors: Ferrer Llop, Josep; Magret Planas, Maria dels Dolors; Peña Carrera, Marta
Abstract: We consider bimodal linear control systems consisting of two subsystems acting on each side of a given hyperplane, assuming continuity along it. For a differentiable family of planar bimodal linear control systems, we obtain its stratification diagram and, if controllability holds for each value of the parameters, we construct a differentiable family of feedbacks which stabilizes both subsystems for each value of the parameters.
20140917T10:22:24Z

Description of characteristic nonhyperinvariant subspaces in GF(2)
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24075
Title: Description of characteristic nonhyperinvariant subspaces in GF(2)
Authors: Mingueza, David; Montoro López, María Eulalia; Pacha Andújar, Juan Ramón
Abstract: Given a square matrix A , an A invariant subspace is called hyperinvariant (respectively, characteristic) if and only if it is also invariant for all matrices T (respectively, nonsingular matrices T ) that commute with A . Shoda's Theorem gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of characteristic nonhyperinvariant subspaces for a nilpotent matrix in GF(2)GF(2). Here we present an explicit construction for all subspaces of this type.
20140917T10:09:27Z

Miniversal deformations of observable marked matrices
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/24071
Title: Miniversal deformations of observable marked matrices
Authors: Compta Creus, Albert; Ferrer Llop, Josep; Peña Carrera, Marta
Abstract: Given the set of vertical pairs of matrices ${\cal M}\subset M_{m,n}(\mathbb C)\times M_n(\mathbb C)$ keeping the subspace $\mathbb C^d\times\{0\}\subset\mathbb C^n$ invariant,we compute
miniversal deformations of a given pair when it is observable, and the subspace $\mathbb C^d\times\{0\}$ is marked. Moreover, we obtain
the dimension of the orbit, characterize the structurally stable vertical pairs, and study the effect of each deformation
parameter. Copyright © 2013 JohnWiley & Sons, Ltd.
20140917T07:39:47Z

Central cohomology operations and Ktheory
http://hdl.handle.net/2117/23645
Title: Central cohomology operations and Ktheory
Authors: Gálvez Carrillo, Maria Immaculada; Whitehouse, Sarah
Abstract: For stable degree 0 operations, and also for additive unstable operations of bidegree (0, 0), it is known that the centre of the ring of operations for complex cobordism is isomorphic to the corresponding ring of connective complex Ktheory operations. Similarly, the centre of the ring of BP operations is the corresponding ring for the Adams summand of plocal connective complex Ktheory. Here we show that, in the additive unstable context, this result holds with BP replaced by BP<n> for any n. Thus, for all chromatic heights, the only central operations are those coming from Ktheory.
20140729T08:35:40Z